The 12 months 2022 was once all the time going to be an eventful one. After just about 10 years in energy, President Uhuru Kenyatta was once destined to depart place of job to make method for the winner of the August 2022 presidential vote. Would it’s his former sour rival grew to become political best friend Raila Odinga? Or would it not be shut best friend grew to become sour rival William Ruto?

It mattered to tens of millions of Kenyan citizens, too, who would lead the rustic out of a in particular tough 12 months. High meals costs, file gas costs and the worst drought in 40 years made for a miserable run-as much as the election.

Add to those the nagging fears of doable violence at any level in the election cycle.

The Conversation Africa’s educational mavens had been there at each flip to offer insights. Here are 4 very important reads on those and different traits.

A disputed election, however no violence

It was once no longer a sure bet that Kenya would keep away from the unsightly election violence for which it has turn out to be notorious for the reason that submit-election killings in 2007 and 2008. Many Kenyans feared this chance. But the campaigns and submit-election duration had been slightly calm and non violent. This was once in spite of vigorously contested, shut, disputed and every now and then irritating polls. Gabrielle Lynch explains that a nice deal has modified since Kenya stood at the “brink of a precipice” in 2008. A brand new charter offered in 2010 heralded a large number of reforms, key amongst them the dispersion of political energy and the independence of the judiciary. Key establishments are in want of additional reforms to unravel exceptional grievances.

Read extra: Kenya’s elections are proof of change since 2007 violence, but more reform is needed

Kenya’s in a hollow: time to prevent digging

President William Ruto, Kenya’s incoming president, inherited an financial system reeling from many shocks. Like different African nations, Kenyans face extraordinary ranges of meals and gas inflation. His choices can be additional restricted by way of the rustic’s prime debt ranges, that have pushed the price of annual debt servicing to just about 54% of home revenues – up from 40% in 2020. The World Bank warned of a prime chance of debt default. What’s extra, writes Odongo Kodongo, the International Monetary Fund’s downgrade of Kenya’s debt chance makes it dearer for the rustic to borrow, leaving it with much less to spend on different financial programmes.

Read extra: Kenya has breached its public debt ceiling – how it got there and what that means

Police getting away with homicide

Police killings of electorate are shockingly not unusual in Kenya. Those who endure the brunt are most commonly deficient, younger and male suspects of crime or terrorism. Investigations are uncommon except there’s overwhelming public outrage stoked by way of the media, or the sufferer is easily-identified or neatly-attached. The new govt dissolved a police squad accused of sporting out extrajudicial killings, however that on my own may not make a dent when the issue is structural rot inside the police provider, argues Naomi van Stapele. She suggests tactics to revive public self assurance in the Kenyan police.