November 2022 was once Earth’s ninth-warmest November since record-keeping started in 1880, and the good November since 2014, NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) reported November 14. NASA rated November because the Twelfth-warmest on record, 0.99 levels Celsius (1.78°F) hotter than the 1880-1920 length – its very best estimate for when preindustrial temperatures closing happened. The European Copernicus Climate Change Service rated November 2022 because the ninth-warmest November on record, and the Japan Meteorological Agency rated it the 7th warmest. Such minor variations within the companies’ scores may end up from the alternative ways they deal with data-sparse areas such because the Arctic.

Figure 1. Departure of temperature from common for November 2022, the ninth-warmest November for the globe since record-keeping started in 1880, in step with NOAA. Parts of northern Europe, southeastern Asia, southern South America, and northeastern and southeastern Oceania skilled record-warm temperatures for the month. No spaces skilled record chilly. (Image credit score: NOAA/NCEI)

Land spaces had their Seventeenth-warmest November on record in 2022, and world ocean temperatures have been the fifth-warmest on record, in step with NOAA. Europe had its third-warmest November on record. South America, Asia, and Africa each and every had a November that ranked amongst their 20 warmest on record. North America had a warmer-than-average November, however it didn’t rank amongst its height 20 warmest on record. Oceania had a cooler-than-average November, the area’s coolest November since 1999.

The year-to-date world floor temperature is the sixth-highest on record, and 2022 is 99% more likely to finally end up because the sixth-warmest yr on record, in step with NOAA. The year-to-date world floor temperature is the sixth-highest on record, and the yr 2022 is over 99% more likely to finally end up because the sixth-warmest yr on record, in step with NOAA.

A near-average November for the U.S.

In the U.S., it was once the Forty fourth-coldest November since data started in 1895, which places it within the near-average class, in step with NOAA. Five western states reported a top-10 coldest November, and 8 japanese states reported a top-10 warmest November on record. The month capped off what now ranks because the Twenty fourth-warmest fall (September-November) length in contiguous U.S. historical past; the year-to-date length of January-November has been the 17th-warmest on record.

November was once close to common for precipitation around the contiguous U.S., however the year-to-date length of January-November has been the 23rd-driest on record. As of December 6, 55.5% of the contiguous U.S. was once experiencing reasonable or larger drought, with drought protection at 78.5% for abnormally dry or drier prerequisites – a number of the greatest such spaces because the U.S. Drought Monitor was once established in 2000.

Figure 2. Departure of sea floor temperature from common within the benchmark Niño 3.4 area of the japanese tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W). In this research, temperatures have ranged from 0.8 to at least one.2 level Celsius underneath common since mid-November. (Image credit score: Tropical Tidbits)

An strangely lengthy La Niña anticipated to finish in early 2023

La Niña prerequisites endured right through November and are anticipated to persist during the Northern Hemisphere wintry weather (77% likelihood right through December – February). Thereafter, a transition to impartial prerequisites is anticipated (a 71% likelihood on impartial prerequisites in February – April 2023), NOAA reported in its December 8 monthly discussion of the state of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, or ENSO. The odds of El Niño prerequisites are not more than 8% during the Northern Hemisphere spring of 2023, expanding to 40% for the June – August length.

Over the previous month, sea-surface temperatures within the benchmark Niño 3.4 area of the japanese tropical Pacific (5°N-5°S, 170°W-120°W) have been 0.8 – 1.2 level Celsius underneath common, as analyzed at tropicaltidbits.com. The vary for “weak” La Niña prerequisites is 0.5-1.0 level Celsius underneath common; the variability for “moderate” La Niña prerequisites is 1.0-1.5 levels Celsius underneath common.

The 1/3 consecutive northern wintry weather with La Niña, now beneath method, shall be strange however no longer unheard of: Three-year La Niña sequences happened in 1973-76 and 1998-2001. There had been no four-year La Niña sequences in NOAA information extending again to 1950 – and even within the longer Ensemble Oceanic NINO Index compiled via Eric Webb and lengthening again any other century, to 1850 – despite the fact that the NOAA information display La Niña was once found in five out of six northern winters from 1970 to 1976.

The have an effect on of the present La Niña tournament has been boosted via a detrimental Pacific Decadal Oscillation, or PDO. The PDO is an index of sea-surface temperatures around the northeast and tropical Pacific Ocean that displays probably the most flow sides of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. The PDO can swing sharply from monthly, however in most cases it leans certain (heat) or detrimental (cool) for a couple of years at a time. Nearly each month since 2017 has had a detrimental PDO; November’s price was once the second-lowest for any November since 1955, and the sixth-lowest November price in NOAA information going again to 1854. When the PDO is detrimental, La Niña’s affects often are more pronounced.

Arctic sea ice: Eighth-lowest November extent on record

Arctic sea ice extent right through November 2022 was once the eighth-lowest within the 44-year satellite tv for pc record, in step with the National Snow and Ice Data Center, NSIDC. According to the yearly Arctic Report Card, issued this week (see Tweet above), the typical floor air temperature over the Arctic for this previous yr (October 2021-September 2022) was once the sixth warmest since 1900. The closing seven years are jointly the warmest seven years on record. Arctic sea ice extent in 2022 and 2021 have been an identical, and neatly underneath the long-term common.

Antarctic sea ice extent in November was once the fourth-lowest on record for November. Antarctic sea ice extent tended to extend fairly from the Nineteen Eighties during the 2010s, however it has reduced significantly from 2017 onward, while arctic sea ice extent has reduced extra persistently and dramatically during the last 40 years.

Notable world warmth and chilly marks for November 2022

The data underneath is courtesy of Maximiliano Herrera. Follow him on Twitter: @extremetemps.

– Hottest November temperature within the Northern Hemisphere: 42.0°C (107.6°F) at Linguere, Senegal, November 7;
– Coldest November temperature within the Northern Hemisphere: -50.9°C (-59.6°F) at Oymyakon, Russia, November 28;
– Hottest November temperature within the Southern Hemisphere: 44.8°C (112.6°F) at Augrabies Falls, South Africa, November 29;
– Coldest November temperature within the Southern Hemisphere: -60.2°C (-76.4°F) at Jase 2007, Antarctica, November 4; additionally at Concordia, Antarctica, November 11;
– Highest 2022 common temperature up to now (Jan.-Nov.) within the Southern Hemisphere: 29.4°C (84.9°F) at Surabya AP, Indonesia; and
– Highest 2022 common temperature up to now (Jan.-Nov.) within the Northern Hemisphere: 32.3°C (90.1°F) at Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Major climate stations in November: no all-time warmth or chilly data

Among world stations with a record of a minimum of 40 years, none set (no longer simply tied) an all-time warmth or chilly record in November.

10 all-time nationwide/territorial warmth data set or tied in 2022

No international locations set or tied an all-time reliably measured nationwide warmth record in November. The general of such data is 10 in 2022 (plus one, if making an allowance for that Taiwan beat its all-time warmth record in two separate months):

Paraguay:  45.6°C (114.1°F) at Sombrero Hovy, January 1;
Australia:  50.7°C (123.3°F) at Onslow AP, January 13 (tie);
Uruguay:  44.0°C (111.2°F) at Florida, January 14 (tie);
Vatican City: 40.8°C (105.4°F), June 28;
United Kingdom: 40.3°C (104.5°F) at Coningsby, July 19;
Jersey (UK dependency): 37.9°C (100.2°F) at Mason St. Louis, July 18;
Taiwan: 41.4°C (106.5°F) at Zhuoxi, July 22; crushed on August 21, with 41.6°C at Fuyuan;
Hong Kong: 39.0°C (102.2°F) at Sheng Shui, July 24 (tie); and
Dominica: 36.3°C (97.3°F) at Canefield, September 12; and
Barbados: 35.5°C (95.9°F) at Bridgetown, September (unspecified date).

In addition, all-time warmth data have been set in July for all 3 of the Great Britain international locations which are a part of the United Kingdom:

England:  40.3 °C (104.5 °F) at Coningsby, July 19;
Wales:  37.1 °C (98.8 °F) at Hawarden, July 18; and
Scotland:  34.8 °C (94.6 °F) at Charterhall, July 19.

Two all-time nationwide/territorial chilly data set or tied in 2022

As of the top of November, two international locations or territories had set or tied an all-time nationwide chilly record:

Montenegro: -33.4°C (-28.1°F) at Kosanica, January 25; and
Myanmar: -6.0°C (21.2°F) at Hakha, January 29 (tie).

67 further per month nationwide/territorial warmth data crushed or tied as of the top of November

In addition to the ten all-time nationwide/territorial data indexed above (plus the double record set in Taiwan), 67 international locations or territories have set per month all-time warmth data in 2022, for a complete of 78 per month all-time data:

– January (11): Mexico, USA, Croatia, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Comoros, Mayotte, Maldives, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Montenegro;
– February (2): Papua New Guinea, Pakistan;
– March (3): Myanmar, Pakistan, Mauritius;
– April (3): British Indian Ocean Territories, Hong Kong, Chad;
– May (6): Chad, Morocco, Liechtenstein, Andorra, Vatican City, Mauritius;
– June (13): Saba, Jersey, Switzerland, Poland, Czech Republic, Japan, Tunisia, Slovenia, Croatia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Slovakia;
– July (7): New Caledonia, Andorra, Portugal, Ireland, Denmark, Paraguay, Taiwan;
– August (6): Cocos Islands, Iran, Qatar, Ireland, Saba, Saint Barthélemy;
– September (3): Georgia, Myanmar, Hong Kong;
– October (4): China, South Korea, North Korea, Eswatini; and
– November (9): Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Kuwait, Cote d’ Ivoire, Qatar, Dominica, Cocos Islands, Northern Mariana Islands.

Nine further per month nationwide/territorial chilly data crushed or tied as of the top of November

In addition to the 2 all-time nationwide/territorial data indexed above, 9 international locations or territories have set per month all-time chilly data in 2022, for a complete of eleven per month all-time data:

– March (2): Montenegro and Cyprus;
– April (2): Andorra, Laos;
– May (2): Vietnam, Thailand;
– July (1): Montenegro;
– September (1): Greece; and
– October (1): Paraguay.

Hemispherical and continental temperature data in 2022

– Highest temperature ever recorded in January in North America: 41.7°C (107.1°F) at Gallinas, Mexico, January 1;

– Highest temperature ever recorded within the Southern Hemisphere (tie) and global record for easiest temperature ever recorded in January: 50.7°C (123.3°F) at Onslow AP, Australia, January 13;

– Highest minimal temperature ever recorded in South America: 32.2°C (90.0°F) at Pampa del Infierno, Argentina, January 17;

– Highest minimal temperature ever recorded in January within the Northern Hemisphere: 29.3°C (84.7°F) at Kenieba, Mali, on January 15 (and once more on January 30); and

– Highest temperature ever recorded in August in Asia: 53.6°C (128.5°F) at Shush, Iran, on August 9.

Bob Henson contributed to this put up.

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